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Nginx安装以及配置

安装编译工具及库文件

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yum -y install make zlib zlib-devel gcc-c++ libtool  openssl openssl-devel

安装 PCRE

下载 PCRE 安装包

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[root@bogon src]# wget http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/pcre/pcre/8.35/pcre-8.35.tar.gz

解压安装包

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[root@bogon src]# tar zxvf pcre-8.35.tar.gz

进入安装包目录

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[root@bogon src]# cd pcre-8.35

编译安装

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[root@bogon pcre-8.35]# ./configure
[root@bogon pcre-8.35]# make && make install

查看pcre版本

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[root@bogon pcre-8.35]# pcre-config --version

安装 Nginx

下载Nginx

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[root@bogon src]# wget http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.6.2.tar.gz

解压安装包

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[root@bogon src]# tar zxvf nginx-1.6.2.tar.gz

进入安装目录

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[root@bogon src]# cd nginx-1.6.2

编译安装

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[root@bogon nginx-1.6.2]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/webserver/nginx --with-http_stub_status_module --with-http_ssl_module --with-pcre=/usr/local/src/pcre-8.35
[root@bogon nginx-1.6.2]# make
[root@bogon nginx-1.6.2]# make install

查看Nginx版本

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[root@bogon nginx-1.6.2]# /usr/local/webserver/nginx/sbin/nginx -v

Nginx 配置

创建 Nginx 运行使用的用户 www

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[root@bogon conf]# /usr/sbin/groupadd www 
[root@bogon conf]# /usr/sbin/useradd -g www www

配置nginx.conf

  • 将/usr/local/webserver/nginx/conf/nginx.conf替换为以下内容配置nginx.conf ,将/usr/local/webserver/nginx/conf/nginx.conf替换为以下内容:

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    user www www;
    worker_processes 2; #设置值和CPU核心数一致
    error_log /usr/local/webserver/nginx/logs/nginx_error.log crit; #日志位置和日志级别
    pid /usr/local/webserver/nginx/nginx.pid;
    #Specifies the value for maximum file descriptors that can be opened by this process.
    worker_rlimit_nofile 65535;
    events
    {
    use epoll;
    worker_connections 65535;
    }
    http
    {
    include mime.types;
    default_type application/octet-stream;
    log_format main '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
    '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
    '"$http_user_agent" $http_x_forwarded_for';

    #charset gb2312;

    server_names_hash_bucket_size 128;
    client_header_buffer_size 32k;
    large_client_header_buffers 4 32k;
    client_max_body_size 8m;

    sendfile on;
    tcp_nopush on;
    keepalive_timeout 60;
    tcp_nodelay on;
    fastcgi_connect_timeout 300;
    fastcgi_send_timeout 300;
    fastcgi_read_timeout 300;
    fastcgi_buffer_size 64k;
    fastcgi_buffers 4 64k;
    fastcgi_busy_buffers_size 128k;
    fastcgi_temp_file_write_size 128k;
    gzip on;
    gzip_min_length 1k;
    gzip_buffers 4 16k;
    gzip_http_version 1.0;
    gzip_comp_level 2;
    gzip_types text/plain application/x-javascript text/css application/xml;
    gzip_vary on;

    #limit_zone crawler $binary_remote_addr 10m;
    #下面是server虚拟主机的配置
    server
    {
    listen 80;#监听端口
    server_name localhost;#域名
    index index.html index.htm index.php;
    root /usr/local/webserver/nginx/html;#站点目录
    location /aaa {
    proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:8080/aaa;
    }
    location /abcd {
    proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:8081/abcd;
    }
    location /yiwu {
    proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:8081/yiwu;
    }
    location ~ .*\.(php|php5)?$
    {
    #fastcgi_pass unix:/tmp/php-cgi.sock;
    fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
    fastcgi_index index.php;
    include fastcgi.conf;
    }
    location ~ .*\.(gif|jpg|jpeg|png|bmp|swf|ico)$
    {
    expires 30d;
    # access_log off;
    }
    location ~ .*\.(js|css)?$
    {
    expires 15d;
    # access_log off;
    }
    access_log off;
    }
    server {
    listen 443 ssl;
    server_name localhost;
    ssl on;
    root html;
    index index.html index.htm;
    ssl_certificate cert/214335641040602.pem;
    ssl_certificate_key cert/214335641040602.key;
    ssl_session_timeout 5m;
    ssl_ciphers ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256:ECDHE:ECDH:AES:HIGH:!NULL:!aNULL:!MD5:!ADH:!RC4;
    ssl_protocols TLSv1 TLSv1.1 TLSv1.2;
    ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;
    location / {
    root html;
    index index.html index.htm;
    }
    location /aaa {
    proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:8080/aaa;
    }
    location /abcd {
    proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:8081/abcd;
    }
    }
    }
  • 在conf目录新建cert文件夹,将证书文件(阿里云免费证书:pem,key)放置cert,并且加入一个配置server:(这个server是https的配置,原先的server是对于http的配置)

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    server {
    listen 443 ssl;
    server_name localhost;
    ssl on;
    root html;
    index index.html index.htm;
    ssl_certificate cert/214335641040602.pem;
    ssl_certificate_key cert/214335641040602.key;
    ssl_session_timeout 5m;
    ssl_ciphers ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256:ECDHE:ECDH:AES:HIGH:!NULL:!aNULL:!MD5:!ADH:!RC4;
    ssl_protocols TLSv1 TLSv1.1 TLSv1.2;
    ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;
    location / {
    root html;
    index index.html index.htm;
    }
    location /bjjc {
    proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:8080/bjjc;
    }
    location /yiwu {
    proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:8081/yiwu;
    }
    }

检查配置文件ngnix.conf的正确性命令

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[root@bogon conf]# /usr/local/webserver/nginx/sbin/nginx -t

启动 Nginx

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[root@bogon conf]# /usr/local/webserver/nginx/sbin/nginx

启动后可以根据ip访问成功!

  • Nginx其他命令
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    /usr/local/webserver/nginx/sbin/nginx -s reload            # 重新载入配置文件
    /usr/local/webserver/nginx/sbin/nginx -s reopen # 重启 Nginx
    /usr/local/webserver/nginx/sbin/nginx -s stop # 停止 Nginx

安装后启动报错,原因是tomcat80端口冲突

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本文标题:Nginx安装以及配置

文章作者:Soul

发布时间:2017年11月24日 - 14:11

最后更新:2017年11月24日 - 14:11

原始链接:http://blog.linzhongtai.cn/2017/11/Nginx安装以及配置/

许可协议: 署名-非商业性使用-禁止演绎 4.0 国际 转载请保留原文链接及作者。

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